Monday, 25 July 2016

Where is it illegal to be gay?

 In the aftermath of the June 26 attack on the LGBT nightclub in Orlando,Florida,the UN Security Council issued statement,condemning the targeting person based on their sexual orientation.

This was the first time the United Nation took an official stance on LGBT discrimination and perhaps surprisingly support from number of countries that outlaw  homosexuality including Egypt and Russia.

So where is it illegal to be gay?

                                                                              Well according to the UN,homosexuality is a crime in at least 74 countries.13 of which impose the death penalty for these alleged crimes.These laws exist most pervasively in Africa and the Middle East,where lengthy prison sentences,psychiatric treatment,whippings,hard labor and stoning by public are all common punishment for homosexuality.Some of the most notable anti gay laws exist in Uganda,where individuals can face life imprisonment for homosexual acts.These laws were first introduced by Uganda British Colonial Rulers in the 19th century and retained through the country's independence in 1962.But they were largely unenforced in the early 2000's.
                                                            That's when American-Christian missionaries popularized the idea,that gay people sought to destroy their society by praying on and procuring children as homosexuals.This is also been directly linked to Uganda's infamous anti homosexuality or kill the gays bill,which in 2014 originally made homosexuality punishable by death.The bill was overturned and no later version have successfully made it through parliament.
                                                                                                         But arguably the worst place to be gay is Iran,which enforces capital punishments.The law makes a distinction for gay women,who are lashed 50 times for their first three offenses.But for any further offences the punishment is still death.
 Gay man can also be whipped for lesser act like kissing or holding hands.Iran's anti gay laws adheres with the shria's law,which is the strict interpretations of the Islam.The Quran says that sex between men should be punished.However it does not specify how.Still,Human Rights group estimates that between 4,000 and  6,000 people have been executed for such acts since Iran's Islamic Revolutions in 1979.
                                             Afghanistan also strictly forbids homosexuality.While the country was under was under Taliban rule from 1996 to 2001,gay men and women were routinely executed.However,since the extremist group was toppled by US forces,Afghanistan has generally punished homosexual acts with the prison sentence.Although capital punishment is still enshrined in their legal code,it is reportedly gone unenforced since 2001.
                                   But these laws are not exclusive to Africa and Middle East.In 2013,Russia enacted infamous anti gay propaganda law,which prohibits discussion or display of any non traditional sexual behaviour to protect minors.Additionally,Belize has outlawed same sex activity since 1988 and today their immigration act prohibits gay men and women from even entering the country.The UN and the various Human Right Organizations have made efforts to decriminalize homosexuality.However,the worst offenders have yet to reform their anti gay laws.

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